Debiprasad Chattopadhyaya (b.1919-d.1993) is MA, D.Litt of the Calcutta University, D.Sc honoris causa of the Academy of Sciences of Moscow and the first Indian Member of the German Academy of Sciences, Berlin. Professor Chattopadhyaya taught Philosophy in the City College, Calcutta for about three decades. He was a visiting Professor at several universities in India and abroad. He is about the only contemporary Philosopher and writer of India whose works are extensively translated almost in every major Indian and foreign languages including German, Russian, Japanese, Chinese etc. His published works in Bengali and English total over 56 or more including some of the extraordinary books for children and poems written by him, besides his prodigious editorial work like that of Rgveda in Bengali, Lama Taranatha’s History of Buddhism in India in English, the Indological quarterly Indian Studies : Past & Present (since 1959) and the two volumes of Studies in the History of Science in India, etc. Besides being elected ‘National Fellow’ of Indian Council of Philosophical Research, member of the National Commission of the History of Science in India, Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi.